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    Lista e shkencetare musliman (ENGLISH)

    List of Muslim scientists
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Islamic science has played a significant role in the history of science. There have been hundreds of notable Muslim scientists that have made a great contribution to civilization and society. The following is an incomplete list of notable Muslim scientists.
    Contents
    [hide]

    1 Astronomers and astrophysicists
    2 Chemists and alchemists
    3 Economists and social scientists
    4 Geographers and earth scientists
    5 Mathematicians
    6 Biologists, neuroscientists, and psychologists
    7 Physicians and surgeons
    8 Physicists and engineers
    9 Political scientists
    10 Other scientists and inventors
    11 References

    [edit] Astronomers and astrophysicists
    Main article: List of Muslim astronomers
    Further information: Islamic astronomy

    Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
    Jafar al-Sadiq
    Yaqūb ibn Tāriq
    Ibrahim al-Fazari
    Muhammad al-Fazari
    Naubakht
    Al-Khwarizmi, mathematician
    Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi (Albumasar)
    Al-Farghani
    Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa)
    Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    Ahmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    Al-Majriti
    Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius)
    Al-Farabi (Abunaser)
    Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi
    Abu Sa'id Gorgani
    Kushyar ibn Labban
    Abū Ja'far al-Khāzin
    Al-Mahani
    Al-Marwazi
    Al-Nayrizi
    Al-Saghani
    Al-Farghani
    Abu Nasr Mansur
    Abū Sahl al-Qūhī (Kuhi)
    Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi
    Abū al-Wafā' al-Būzjānī
    Ibn Yunus
    Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen)
    Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
    Avicenna
    Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel)
    Omar Khayyįm
    Al-Khazini
    Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
    Ibn Tufail (Abubacer)
    Nur Ed-Din Al Betrugi (Alpetragius)
    Averroes
    Al-Jazari
    Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī
    Anvari
    Mo'ayyeduddin Urdi
    Nasir al-Din Tusi
    Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
    Ibn al-Shatir
    Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī
    Jamshīd al-Kāshī
    Ulugh Beg, also a mathematician
    Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf, Ottoman astronomer
    Ahmad Nahavandi
    Haly Abenragel
    Abolfadl Harawi
    Kerim Kerimov, a founder of Soviet space program, a lead architect behind first human spaceflight (Vostok 1), and the lead architect of the first space stations (Salyut and Mir)[1][2]
    Farouk El-Baz, a NASA scientist involved in the first Moon landings with the Apollo program[3]
    Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
    Muhammed Faris
    Abdul Ahad Mohmand
    Talgat Musabayev
    Anousheh Ansari
    Amir Ansari
    Sultana Nurun Nahar, specialist in atomic astrophysics and spectroscopy

    [edit] Chemists and alchemists
    Further information: Alchemy (Islam)

    Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
    Jafar al-Sadiq
    Jābir ibn Hayyān (Geber), father of chemistry[4][5][6]
    Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman)
    Al-Kindi (Alkindus)
    Al-Majriti
    Ibn Miskawayh
    Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
    Avicenna
    Al-Khazini
    Nasir al-Din Tusi
    Ibn Khaldun
    Salimuzzaman Siddiqui
    Al-Khwārizmī, Father of Al-Gabra, (Mathematics)
    Ahmed H. Zewail, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1999[7]
    Mostafa El-Sayed
    Atta ur Rahman, leading scholar in the field of Natural Product Chemistry

    [edit] Economists and social scientists
    Further information: Islamic sociology, Early Muslim sociology, and Islamic economics in the world
    See also: List of Muslim historians and Historiography of early Islam

    Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man (699-767), economist
    Abu Yusuf (731-798), economist
    Al-Farabi (Alpharabius) (873–950), economist
    Al-Saghani (d. 990), one of the earliest historians of science[8]
    Shams al-Mo'ali Abol-hasan Ghaboos ibn Wushmgir (Qabus) (d. 1012), economist
    Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī (973-1048), considered the "first anthropologist"[9] and father of Indology[10]
    Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980–1037), economist
    Ibn Miskawayh (b. 1030), economist
    Al-Ghazali (Algazel) (1058–1111), economist
    Al-Mawardi (1075–1158), economist
    Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī (Tusi) (1201–1274), economist
    Ibn al-Nafis (1213–1288), sociologist
    Ibn Taymiyyah (1263–1328), economist
    Ibn Khaldun (1332–1406), forerunner of social sciences[11] such as demography,[12] cultural history,[13] historiography,[14] philosophy of history,[15] sociology[12][15] and economics[16][17]
    Al-Maqrizi (1364–1442), economist
    Akhtar Hameed Khan, Pakistani social scientist; pioneer of microcredit
    Muhammad Yunus, Nobel Prize winner Bangladeshi economist; pioneer of microfinance
    Mahbub ul Haq, Pakistani economist; developer of Human Development Index and founder of Human Development Report[18][19]

    [edit] Geographers and earth scientists
    Further information: Muslim Agricultural Revolution

    Al-Masudi, the "Herodotus of the Arabs", and pioneer of historical geography[20]
    Al-Kindi, pioneer of environmental science[21]
    Ibn Al-Jazzar
    Al-Tamimi
    Al-Masihi
    Ali ibn Ridwan
    Muhammad al-Idrisi, also a cartographer
    Ahmad ibn Fadlan
    Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, father of geodesy,[9][12] considered the first geologist and "first anthropologist"[9]
    Avicenna
    Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi
    Averroes
    Ibn al-Nafis
    Ibn Jubayr
    Ibn Battuta
    Ibn Khaldun
    Piri Reis
    Evliya Ēelebi
    Zaghloul El-Naggar

    [edit] Mathematicians

    Further information: Islamic mathematics: Biographies

    Al-Hajjāj ibn Yūsuf ibn Matar
    Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
    Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Algorismi) - father of algebra[22] and algorithms[23]
    'Abd al-Hamīd ibn Turk
    Abū al-Hasan ibn Alī al-Qalasādī (1412–1482), pioneer of symbolic algebra[24]
    Abū Kāmil Shujā ibn Aslam
    Al-Abbās ibn Said al-Jawharī
    Al-Kindi (Alkindus)
    Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa)
    Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    Al-Mahani
    Ahmed ibn Yusuf
    Al-Majriti
    Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius)
    Al-Farabi (Abunaser)
    Al-Khalili
    Al-Nayrizi
    Abū Ja'far al-Khāzin
    Brethren of Purity
    Abu'l-Hasan al-Uqlidisi
    Al-Saghani
    Abū Sahl al-Qūhī
    Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi
    Abū al-Wafā' al-Būzjānī
    Ibn Sahl
    Al-Sijzi
    Ibn Yunus
    Abu Nasr Mansur
    Kushyar ibn Labban
    Al-Karaji
    Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen/Alhazen)
    Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
    Ibn Tahir al-Baghdadi
    Al-Nasawi
    Al-Jayyani
    Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel)
    Al-Mu'taman ibn Hud
    Omar Khayyįm
    Al-Khazini
    Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
    Al-Ghazali (Algazel)
    Al-Marrakushi
    Al-Samawal
    Averroes
    Avicenna
    Hunayn ibn Ishaq
    Ibn al-Banna'
    Ibn al-Shatir
    Ja'far ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar al-Balkhi (Albumasar)
    Jamshīd al-Kāshī
    Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
    Muḥyi al-Dīn al-Maghribī
    Maryam Mirzakhani
    Mo'ayyeduddin Urdi
    Muhammad Baqir Yazdi
    Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, 13th century Persian mathematician and philosopher
    Qāḍī Zāda al-Rūmī
    Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
    Shams al-Dīn al-Samarqandī
    Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī
    Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf
    Ulugh Beg

    Lotfi Asker Zadeh, Azerbaijanian computer scientist; founder of Fuzzy Mathematics and fuzzy set theory[25][26]
    Cumrun Vafa

    [edit] Biologists, neuroscientists, and psychologists
    Further information: Islamic psychological thought

    Ibn Sirin (654–728), author of work on dreams and dream interpretation[27]
    Al-Kindi (Alkindus), pioneer of psychotherapy and music therapy[28]
    Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, pioneer of psychiatry, clinical psychiatry and clinical psychology[29]
    Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi, pioneer of mental health,[30] medical psychology, cognitive psychology, cognitive therapy, psychophysiology and psychosomatic medicine[31]
    Al-Farabi (Alpharabius), pioneer of social psychology and consciousness studies[32]
    Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi (Haly Abbas), pioneer of neuroanatomy, neurobiology and neurophysiology[32]
    Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis), pioneer of neurosurgery[33]
    Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen), founder of experimental psychology, psychophysics, phenomenology and visual perception[34]
    Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, pioneer of reaction time[35]
    Avicenna (Ibn Sina), pioneer of neuropsychiatry,[36] thought experiment, self-awareness and self-consciousness[37]
    Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar), pioneer of neurology and neuropharmacology[33]
    Averroes, pioneer of Parkinson's disease[33]
    Ibn Tufail, pioneer of tabula rasa and nature versus nurture[38]
    Mir Sajad,Neuroscientist and pioneer in neuroinflammation and neurogenesis.[39][40]

    [edit] Physicians and surgeons
    Main article: Muslim doctors
    Further information: Islamic medicine

    Khalid ibn Yazid (Calid)
    Jafar al-Sadiq
    Shapur ibn Sahl (d. 869), pioneer of pharmacy and pharmacopoeia[41]
    Al-Kindi (Alkindus) (801-873), pioneer of pharmacology[42]
    Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman) (810-887)
    Al-Jahiz, pioneer of natural selection
    Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, pioneer of medical encyclopedia[29]
    Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi
    Ishaq bin Ali al-Rahwi (854–931), pioneer of peer review and medical peer review[43]
    Al-Farabi (Alpharabius)
    Ibn Al-Jazzar (circa 898-980)
    Abul Hasan al-Tabari - physician
    Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari - physician
    Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi (d. 994), pioneer of obstetrics and perinatology[44]
    Abu Gaafar Amed ibn Ibrahim ibn abi Halid al-Gazzar (10th century), pioneer of dental restoration[45]
    Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis) - father of modern surgery, and pioneer of neurosurgery,[33] craniotomy,[44] hematology[46] and dental surgery[47]
    Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), pioneer of eye surgery, visual system[48] and visual perception[49]
    Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
    Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (980-1037) - father of modern medicine,[50] founder of Unani medicine,[46] pioneer of experimental medicine, evidence-based medicine, pharmaceutical sciences, clinical pharmacology,[51] aromatherapy,[52] pulsology and sphygmology,[53] and also a philosopher
    Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, physician of Unani medicine
    Ibn Miskawayh
    Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) - father of experimental surgery,[54] and pioneer of experimental anatomy, experimental physiology, human dissection, autopsy[55] and tracheotomy[56]
    Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
    Ibn Tufail (Abubacer)
    Averroes
    Ibn al-Baitar
    Ibn Jazla
    Nasir al-Din Tusi
    Ibn al-Nafis (1213–1288), father of circulatory physiology, pioneer of circulatory anatomy,[57] and founder of Nafisian anatomy, physiology,[58] pulsology and sphygmology[59]
    Ibn al-Quff (1233–1305), pioneer of embryology[44]
    Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
    Ibn al-Khatib (1313–1374)
    Mansur ibn Ilyas
    Saghir Akhtar - pharmacist
    Syed Ziaur Rahman, pharmacologist
    Toffy Musivand
    Muhammad B. Yunus, the "father of our modern view of fibromyalgia"[60]
    Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, pioneer of biomedical research in space[61][62]
    Hulusi Behēet, known for the discovery of Behēet's disease
    Ibrahim B. Syed - radiologist
    Mehmet Öz, cardiothoracic surgeon

    [edit] Physicists and engineers
    Further information: Islamic physics

    Jafar al-Sadiq, 8th century
    Banū Mūsā (Ben Mousa), 9th century
    Ja'far Muhammad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    Ahmad ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    Al-Hasan ibn Mūsā ibn Shākir
    Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman), 9th century
    Al-Saghani, 10th century
    Abū Sahl al-Qūhī (Kuhi), 10th century
    Ibn Sahl, 10th century
    Ibn Yunus, 10th century
    Al-Karaji, 10th century
    Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), 11th century Iraqi scientist, father of optics,[63] pioneer of scientific method[64] and experimental physics,[65] considered the "first scientist"[66]
    Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, 11th century, pioneer of experimental mechanics[67]
    Avicenna, 11th century
    Al-Khazini, 12th century
    Ibn Bajjah (Avempace), 12th century
    Hibat Allah Abu'l-Barakat al-Baghdaadi (Nathanel), 12th century
    Averroes, 12th century Andalusian mathematician, philosopher and medical expert
    Al-Jazari, 13th century civil engineer, father of robotics,[6]
    Nasir al-Din Tusi, 13th century
    Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi, 13th century
    Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī, 13th century
    Ibn al-Shatir, 14th century
    Taqi al-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf, 16th century
    Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi, 17th century
    Lagari Hasan Ēelebi, 17th century
    Sake Dean Mahomet, 18th century
    Tipu Sultan, 18th century Indian mechanician
    Fazlur Khan, 20th century Bangladeshi mechanician
    Mahmoud Hessaby, 20th century Iranian physicist
    Ali Javan, 20th century Iranian physicist
    Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie, 20th century Indonesian aerospace engineer and president
    Abdul Kalam, Indian aeronautical engineer and nuclear scientist
    Mehran Kardar, Iranian theoretical physicist
    Cumrun Vafa, Iranian mathematical physicist
    Nima Arkani-Hamed, American-born Iranian physicist
    Abdel Nasser Tawfik, Egyptian-born German particle physicist
    Munir Nayfeh Palestinian-American particle physicist
    Riazuddin, Pakistani theoretical physicist
    Abdul Qadeer Khan, Pakistani nuclear scientist
    Ali Musharafa, Egyptian nuclear physicist
    Sameera Moussa, Egyptian nuclear physicist
    Munir Ahmad Khan, Father of Pakistan's nuclear program

    [edit] Political scientists

    Syed Qutb
    Abul Ala Maududi
    Hasan al-Turabi
    Hassan al-Banna
    Mohamed Hassanein Heikal
    Necmettin Erbakan
    M. A. Muqtedar Khan

    [edit] Other scientists and inventors

    Azizul Haque
    Mohammad Sharif Chattar

  2. #2
    Enraged Maska e Scion
    Anėtarėsuar
    22-07-2008
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    Kerkova e c'kerkova, se gjeta me te madhin ... Postimi me ngjan si nje trup peshku pa koke! lol Keni harruar Abdus Salam! Apo jo, ky i takon nje sekti fetar OMG ... :P
    What can be asserted without evidence, can be dismissed without evidence

  3. #3
    Perjashtuar
    Anėtarėsuar
    09-08-2011
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    1,457
    Ky punim eshte ne WIKIPEDIA shikoje: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Muslim_scientists

  4. #4
    Perjashtuar
    Anėtarėsuar
    09-08-2011
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    Cka u be Scion??? E verteta dhemb apo?? hahahahahaha

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